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MOBILESoft 2021
Mon 17 - Wed 19 May 2021
co-located with ICSE 2021
Wed 19 May 2021 16:45 - 16:55 at MOBILESoft Room - Kotlin Chair(s): Alessandra Gorla

Android apps have been traditionally built using Java since the inception of Android. However, Google announced Kotlin as an official supported language for the Android platform in May 2017. Since then, the popularity of Kotlin for Android projects has steadily increased, to the point that Google announced in 2019 that “Android development will be Kotlin-first” with nearly 60% of the top 1,000 Android apps containing Kotlin code. Yet, the transition from Java to Kotlin seems gradual and most applications still partially use Java. Outside open-source apps, little is known about the real proportion of code written in Kotlin inside apps. This paper supports a better understanding of the adoption of Kotlin in the Android ecosystem. We propose an approach to identify the language, Java or Kotlin, in which a class bytecode of an Android Package Kit (APK) originate from. We applied our model on more than 200k closed-source APKs from app stores and found that (i) most of the apps classes are still written in Java, indicating a mitigated adoption of Kotlin in less popular apps, (ii) the penetration of Kotlin is steadily increasing since 2017. We believe our insights are valuable to assess the adoption of Kotlin at large.

Conference Day
Wed 19 May

Displayed time zone: Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna change

16:15 - 18:00
KotlinPlenary / Technical Papers at MOBILESoft Room
Chair(s): Alessandra GorlaIMDEA Software Institute
SequalsK – a Bidirectional Swift-Kotlin-Transpiler
Technical Papers
Dominik SchultesTechnische Hochschule Mittelhessen
KotlinDetector: Towards Understanding the Implications of Using Kotlin in Android Applications
Technical Papers
Fadi MohsenUniversity of Groningen, Loran OosterhavenUniversity of Groningen, Fatih TurkmenUniversity of Groningen
Quantifying the Adoption of Kotlin on Android Stores: Insight from the Bytecode
Technical Papers
Geoffrey HechtUniversity of Chile, Alexandre BergelUniversity of Chile
DOI Pre-print Media Attached
Live Q&A
Q&A and Discussion
Technical Papers

MOBILESoft 2022

Day closing
Closing and discussion

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