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Docker building is a critical component of containerized workflow, which automates the process by which sources are packaged and transformed into container images. If not run properly, Docker builds can bring long durations (i.e., slow builds), which increases the cost in human and computing resources, and thus inevitably affect the software development. However, the current status and remedy for the duration cost in Docker builds remain unclear and need an in-depth study. To fill this gap, this paper provides the first empirical investigation on 171,439 Docker builds from 5,833 open source software (OSS) projects. Starting with an exploratory study, the Docker build durations can be characterized in real-world projects, and the developers’ perceptions of slow builds are obtained via a comprehensive survey. Driven by the results of our exploratory study, we propose a prediction modeling of Docker build duration, leveraging 27 handcrafted features from build-related context and configuration and 8 regression algorithms for the prediction task. Our results demonstrate that Random Forest provides the superior performance with a Spearman’s correlation of 0.781, outperforming the baseline random model by 82.9% in RMSE, and 90.6% in MAE, respectively. The implications of this study will facilitate research and assist practitioners in improving the Docker build process.

Thu 13 Oct

Displayed time zone: Eastern Time (US & Canada) change

16:00 - 18:00
Technical Session 30 - Builds and DependenciesJournal-first Papers / Research Papers / Tool Demonstrations at Room 128
Chair(s): Christian Kästner Carnegie Mellon University
Research paper
Towards Understanding Third-party Library Dependency in C/C++ Ecosystem
Research Papers
Wei Tang Tsinghua University, Zhengzi Xu Nanyang Technological University, Chengwei Liu Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Wu Jiahui Nanyang Technological University, shouguo yang Institute of Information Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, Yi Li Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Ping Luo Tsinghua University, Yang Liu Nanyang Technological University
Snapshot Metrics Are Not Enough: Analyzing Software Repositories with Longitudinal Metrics
Tool Demonstrations
Nicholas Synovic Loyola University Chicago, Matt Hyatt Loyola University Chicago, Rohan Sethi Loyola University Chicago, Sohini Thota Loyola University Chicago, Shilpika University of California at Davis, Allan J. Miller Loyola University Chicago, Wenxin Jiang Purdue University, Emmanuel S. Amobi Loyola University Chicago, Austin Pinderski Duke University, Loyola University Chicago, Konstantin Läufer Loyola University Chicago, Nicholas J. Hayward Loyola University Chicago, Neil Klingensmith Loyola University Chicago, James C. Davis Purdue University, USA, George K. Thiruvathukal Loyola University Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory
Research paper
Not All Dependencies are Equal: An Empirical Study on Production Dependencies in NPM
Research Papers
Jasmine Latendresse Concordia University, Suhaib Mujahid Mozilla, Diego Costa Concordia University, Canada, Emad Shihab Concordia University
Research paper
Understanding and Predicting Docker Build Duration: An Empirical Study of Containerized Workflow of OSS ProjectsVirtual
Research Papers
Yiwen Wu National University of Defense Technology, Yang Zhang National University of Defense Technology, China, Kele Xu National University of Defense Technology, Tao Wang National University of Defense Technology, Huaimin Wang National University of Defense Technology
CIT-daily: A Combinatorial Interaction Testing-Based Daily Build ProcessVirtual
Journal-first Papers
Hanefi Mercan Sabanci University, Atakan Aytar Sabanci University, Giray Coskun Sabanci University, Dilara Müstecep Sabanci University, Gülsüm Uzer Sabanci University, Cemal Yilmaz Sabancı University
Link to publication DOI
Research paper
Using Consensual Biterms from Text Structures of Requirements and Code to Improve IR-Based Traceability RecoveryVirtual
Research Papers
Hui Gao Nanjing University, Hongyu Kuang Nanjing University, Kexin Sun Nanjing University, Xiaoxing Ma Nanjing University, Alexander Egyed Johannes Kepler University Linz, Patrick Mäder Technische Universität Ilmenau, Guoping Rong Nanjing University, Dong Shao Nanjing University, He Zhang Nanjing University
Pre-print Media Attached